The copyrighted written text on these pages may not be reprinted or republished in whole or in part, electronically or in print, without express written permission.
However, any individual user is authorized to print one copy of any page(s) for personal use.
CCJA is an independent entity. This is not an official site of any educational institution.
No one other than the author is responsible for the contents of this site or for any links from this site.
Written inquiries can be addressed to: Center for Criminal Justice Advocacy, P.O. Box 22642, Houston, TX 77227-2642.
This site is designed, written and maintained for CCJA by Ray Moses and was last updated on: August 9, 2016.
This site is best viewed with an Internet Explorer browser. It is not graphically compatible with the Mozilla Firefox browser.
This web site is designed to provide useful and accurate information in regard to crimes and defenses. It is made available to the reader with the understanding that the publisher and
writer are not engaged in rendering legal or professional services. If legal advice or assistance is required, the services of a competent professional should be sought.
FAIR USE NOTICE: Some of the video clips displayed in the sidebars may contain copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner.
This material is displayed in an effort to advance understanding of criminal justice, political issues, human rights, economic inquiry, democracy, scientific, and social justice issues, etc..
I believe this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for in the US copyright law, e.g., in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107,
All material on this web site is distributed without profit to those who have an interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes.
The author of this web site claims no ownership in any video clip displayed herein.